Tl dating range

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Bronze is an alloy of copper and either zinc or tin.

Alluvial Deposit – Soil deposited by running water, such as streams, rivers, and flood waters.

In the New World the term refers to a period when permanent settlements were becoming more common and human groups were making the transition from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture. Bronze Age – A prehistoric period in the Old World, dating roughly from 3000-1000 B. E, defined by the widespread use of bronze as a material for tools, weapons, and ornaments. The lids were usually modeled to represent animal-headed gods or the heads of important people.

In evolutionary biology, an “archaic” Homo sapien is a hominin (or hominid) who was slightly more primitive than modern humans (Homo sapiens). Bulb of percussion – A small, rounded protrusion on a flake resulting from the blow that separated the flake from its core or another flake. Carbon dating – see Radiocarbon Dating Cardinal Directions – Collective term for the four primary directions: North, South, East, West.

All the sub-disciplines study aspects of past or present humans.

Archaeologists generally study the physical and material remains of ancient societies, while cultural anthropologists study living cultures.

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In the United States, anthropology is divided into four sub-disciplines: archaeology, biological/physical anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics.

Archaeozoology – The study of animal remains, usually bones, from the past. Archaic – In archaeology, this term is often used to designate an early period in a culture’s history. Boat grave – A type of burial in which a body (or cremated remains) is placed in a boat and buried in the ground. Cache (pronounced “cash”) – A collection of objects that was purposefully buried.

In Greece it designates the chronological period that preceded the classical period. Such a burial often symbolized the deceased’s high status. Canopic vase or jar – A container or small jar used in ancient Egypt to hold the internal organs of a person who had been mummified.

Linguists study languages, especially their development and their function within human culture. Back dirt – The excavated, discarded material (sediment, dirt) from a site that has generally been sifted for artifacts and is presumed to be of no further archaeological significance.

Antiquarian – A term generally indicating a pre-20th-century collector of ancient artifacts before the development of scientific archaeology and the establishment of standards for excavating and preserving finds. This material may later be used to refill test pits, an action referred to as “back filling.” Balk – A side wall of an excavated unit (square) or a partition of earth left standing between adjoining excavation units.

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